Climate Change in the Midwest.

Climate change in the United States is getting to be a rather big deal. One area in particular is the Midwest. This area includes the cities of Chicago, Indianapolis, Detroit, Milwaukee, Kansas City, Cleveland, Minneapolis, and St. Paul among others. Over the last few decades average annual temperatures have increased, causing an increase in the amount of heat waves in the area along with twice the amount of heavy downpours. These increases can affect the health of Americans living in the Midwest. Heat-related deaths, along with an increase in the risks of spreading certain diseases, and worse air quality will all be results of these dramatic changes in the climate. This will not only affect humans, but it will also affect water resources, agriculture, forests, and surrounding ecosystems. Throughout this year alone, precipitation in the Midwest is likely to become more intense, leading to increased flooding in the streets and cities, strained drainage systems, and reduced summer water availability. This could be dangerous for a number of reasons. Property damage will increase all over the Midwest, and the between the large heavy downpours there will more likely be large times periods of drought and water shortage. As for the affect on the agriculture, it could harm or help it. With heavy downpours there is efficient resources made available for farmers and agriculture. On the other hand though, Droughts and shortage of water can harm the agricultural systems in the midwest. Last but not least, the great lakes. The climate change is likely to disrupt the economy of the great lakes. Warmer temperatures may  have a positive impact on shipping, as ice-free seasons on waterways lengthen. These warmer temperatures could also have a negative impact, though. It could cause in increase in evaporation, lowering water levels causing too shallow of waters for large fully-loaded ships to cross. Overall this is an issue that needs to be addressed and no longer ignored.

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