The term Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) can be defined as food that is created for human or animal consumption using the latest molecular biology techniques. The sauce of the food (animals or plants) have been modified in the laboratory to enhance desired traits such as increased resistance to herbicides or improved nutritional content. There is also a term called “Genetic Engineering”, it can create plants with the exact desired trait very rapidly and with great accuracy.
Some advantages of GM food are pest resistance, herbicide tolerance, disease resistance, cold tolerance and nutritious. Some of the disadvantages are Unintended harm to other organisms, reduced effectiveness of pesticides, gene transfer to non target species and cause human allergenicity . The effects on human is still unknown, but there is a growing concern that introducing foreign genes into food plants may have an unexpected and negative impact on human health.